Gardening enthusiasts plan their garden carefully in order to ensure they have a healthy and productive garden each year. As a beginner gardener learning the ropes can be difficult, which is why gardening according to microclimates or, in agricultural terms, “zones” will yield the best results. Understanding what zone you live in will help to determine when you can plant and the plants best suited. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) calls these microclimates “hardiness zones”.
How do I find my zone?
Remember that climate zones are only a general basis for you to take into account when you begin to plan your garden. Seasons have the possibility of changing quickly regardless of which zone you live in. Some handy resources to look at are the USDA Plant Hardiness Map in the United States and Southern Canada. Each region is defined by the average minimum temperature and broken down into sections. Another great resource is Climate Zone which contains a world climate zone map if you live in areas outside of North America.
How do I find suitable plants?
When you purchase a plant or seeds they will be described “hard” to a specific zone number. Look for plants that have a hardness corresponding to your zone number and can
tolerate the appropriate range of minimum temperatures. If you plant a garden each year, a good tip is to create a yearly journal of your progress and which plants thrive in your garden for future reference. As with many new skills, gardening is all about experimenting and finding out what suits you, or your region, best!
Peonies, Poppies, Leeks, Lady Fern
Zone 3 & 4 flowers:
Lily-of-the-Valley, Carnations, Hyacinths,Black-Eyed Susan, Ninebark
Zone 5 & 6
Giant Allium, Pink Coneflower, Wonder of Staffa Asters, All Summer Beauty Hydrangeas, Red Carpet Lily
Zone 7 & 8:
Marigolds, carnations, roses, and nearly any flower you can imagine has the potential to do well! Others include: Hibiscus, Freckled Geisha Japanese Iris, Crater Lake Clematis, Climbing Tea Rose, Major Wheeler Honeysuckle, Snake Lily
Zone 9 & 10:
Fanfare Gaillardia, Summer Breeze Agastache, Casablanca Lily, Peonies, Birds of Paradise, Gerbera Daisy, Aloe Vera Plants, Purple Fountain Grass, Elephant Ear
Do you find certain plants work better in the zone you live in that weren’t mentioned in our blog post? Share them with us in the comments below. Happy gardening!